Memorial Composite
High School (10–12)


Senior High Science courses are designed to provide students an opportunity to understand the scientific world and gain an appreciation for scientific research. In addition, students attain a level of scientific awareness, become scientifically literate, explore careers in science, and make informed decisions.

Students begin high school in a general science program that is designed to provide a strong background in science and technology. In the second year of science, the student may choose to enter one or more of the individual disciplines – Biology, Chemistry or Physics – or remain in the general program. The science disciplines are designed for students who plan to move into post-secondary education programs that require extensive scientific knowledge.

The general Science 10-20-30 sequence will meet the needs of most students hoping to go into technical school, college or directly into the work force. The academic science courses (10-20-30 level) demand that students be attentive, thoughtful and good communicators, both orally and in writing. Skill at mathematical concepts and procedures are good indicators of success in the sciences.

Science 14KAE

This program covers the same curriculum as Science 14, but is intended for students with diverse learning needs. Students enrolled in the KAE program require extra support and accommodations.

Science 14-24

This basic science program is ideal for the student planning to proceed directly from high school into the work force. Basic scientific knowledge and principles are studied. Successful completion can provide an avenue to move into the more academic Science program. 

Science 14 students study: 

  • Properties of Matter 
  • Energy Transfer Technologies 
  • From Life to Lifestyle 
  • Matter and Energy in the Biosphere

Science 24 students study: 

  • Matter and Chemical Change 
  • Energy Transformations 
  • Disease Defense and Human Health 
  • Safety in Transportation 

These programs are the minimum requirements for a high school diploma, but do not meet any post-secondary entrance requirements, nor do they meet the requirements necessary for many of the trades. The website lists entrance requirements for those students considering careers in trades. All science courses offered at Memorial Composite are 5 credits. 

Note: 10 credits in Science are required in order to earn a High School Diploma. 

Science 10

This is the introductory course in the academic program. It deals with concepts relating to cycling matter in living systems (introductory Biology), energy and matter in chemical change (introductory Chemistry), energy flow in technological systems (introductory Physics), and energy flow in global systems. A final mark of 60% or greater in Science 10 is the necessary prerequisite to enter Biology 20 or Chemistry 20. A final mark of 65% or greater is the necessary prerequisite to enter Physics 20.

Grade 10 students should successfully complete Math 10 Combined before enrolling in Chemistry 20 or Physics 20 and be entering the Math-1 stream at the 20 and 30 levels. Students with marks lower than the required 60% or 65% but greater than 50% in Science 10 are recommended to take Science 20 in Grade 11.

Science 20-30

These are the interdisciplinary courses designed to meet the needs of all students who do not require Biology, Chemistry, or Physics for their post-secondary schooling. 

Science 20 students study:

  • Chemical Changes
  • Changes in Motion
  • The Changing Earth
  • Changes in Living Systems 

Science 30 students study:

  • Maintaining Health
  • Chemistry and the Environment
  • Electromagnetic Energy
  • Energy and the Environment

Biology 20-30

Biology is the study of living things from the molecular level to the biosphere. Students are given an opportunity to explore and understand the natural world and to become aware of the profound influence of biology in their lives.

Biology 20 students study:

  • Energy and Matter Exchange in the Biosphere
  • Ecosystems and Population Change
  • Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
  • Human Systems

Biology 30 students study:

  • Nervous and Endocrine Systems
  • Reproduction and Development
  • Cell Division Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Population and Community Dynamics 

Marine Biology 35

Biology 20 is pre-requisite or co-requisite for this course, which is designed for students with an interest in the marine environment. It is divided into three sections: Oceanography, Marine Life, and Working in a Marine Environment. This course is offered based on registration numbers. 

Chemistry 20-30

Chemistry is the study of the basic substances that make up matter and how matter is changed. As chemistry is quantitative science, superior ability in mathematics will be essential for success in these courses. Student enrollment in the Math-1 stream is recommended.

Chemistry 20 students study:

  • Chemical Bonding
  • Gases as a Form of Matter
  • Solutions, Acids, and Bases
  • Quantitative Relationships in Chemical Change

Chemistry 30 students study:

  • Chemical Energy
  • Electrochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Chemical Equilibrium Focusing on Acid-Base Systems

Physics 20-30

Physics is the study of motion and the interaction between matter and energy. Mathematics is used extensively, and students should have a good academic standing in Mathematics to ensure success in physics. Student enrollment in the Math-1 stream is strongly recommended. 

Physics 20 students study:

  • Kinematics
  • Dynamics
  • Circular Motion Work and Energy
  • Oscillatory Motion and Mechanical Waves

Physics 30 students study:

  • Momentum and Impulse
  • Forces and Fields
  • Electromagnetic Radiation
  • Atomic Physics 

Computer Science 25-30

Computer Science involves the study of the design and properties of languages by which humans communicate with computers, including artificial intelligence, networks, software engineering, game design, bioinformatics and theory of computing.

Mathematics is continuously integrated into Computer Science. Being enrolled in the Math-1 stream is strongly recommended. Computer Science is now recognized as a science option for most Albert post-secondary programs but does not satisfy the 20 level graduation requirements.

Computer Science 25 students study:

  • Programming Basics & Theory
  • Loops / Variables and Conditions
  • Intro to Robotics
  • Procedural Programming

Computer Science 30 students study:

  • Object Oriented Programming (OOP)
  • Recursive Programming
  • Iterative Programming
  • Artificial Intelligence